The human brain is an amazing work of art, it has very complex neural circuits and the way it registers, stores, processes and analyzes information and takes decisions has always been a matter of fascination. To even attempt to replicate the human brain or to “teach” a machine to do that is an extremely ambitious endeavor fraught with controversy. Many a scientist in the field of ai research has been fascinated with this concept and thus was born “artificial intelligence” and “deep machine learning”.
Artificial intelligence is transforming healthcare
“Artificial intelligence” is a familiar buzzword for many in the tech sector today. It has been used in the airline industry for years now, to assist pilots to make decisions under difficult, high-pressure, complex situations which can be too difficult for an individual to handle or when the experience of a pilot, or the lack of it, gets in the way of safety of hundreds of passengers.
AI in health care is a promising, still-emerging concept, largely focused on programs that perform and assist with diagnosis, decision-making, therapy recommendations and health management.
The following Table is not yet comprehensive but it can still give you insights about the activities and use cases. It is ever improving.
Regulation is a hot topic
While research on the use of AI in healthcare aims to validate its efficacy in improving patient outcomes before its broader adoption, its use may nonetheless introduce several new types of risk to patients and healthcare providers, such as algorithmic bias, Do not resuscitate implications, and other machine morality issues. These challenges of the clinical use of AI has brought upon potential need for regulations.
Currently no regulations exist specifically for the use of AI in healthcare. In May 2016, the White House announced its plan to host a series of workshops and formation of the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) Subcommittee on Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence. In October 2016, the group published The National Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Strategic Plan, outlining its proposed priorities for Federally-funded AI research and development (within government and academia). The report notes a strategic R&D plan for the subfield of health information technology is in development stages.
Finally, here are some Use-Cases:
|Diagnosis in Medical Imaging|
|Early diagnosis||Analyze chronic conditions leveraging lab data and other medical data to enable early diagnosis|
|Medical imaging insight||Advanced medical imaging to analyze and transform images and model possible situations.|
|Research & Development|
|Drug discovery||Find new drugs based on previous data and medical intelligence.|
|Gene analysis and editing||Understand gene and its component. Predict the impact of gene edits.|
|Brand management and marketing||Create an optimal marketing strategy for the brand based on market perception and target segment.|
|Pricing and risk||Determine the optimal price for treatment and other service according to competition and other market conditions.|
|Market research||Prepare hospital competitive intelligence.|
|Operations||Process automation technologies such as intelligent automation and RPA help hospitals automate routine front office and back office operations such as reporting.|
|Assisted or automated diagnosis & prescription||AI audit systems minimize prescription errors and give a chance to find accurate disease.|
|Real-time prioritization and triage||Prescriptive analytics on patient data to enable accurate real-time case prioritization and triage.|
|Personalized medications and care||Find the best treatment plans according to patient data reducing cost and increasing effectiveness of care|
|Patient Data Analytics||Analyze patient and/or 3rd party data to discover insights and suggest actions. AI allows the institution (hospital, etc…) analyze clinical data and generate deep insights into patient health. It provides an opportunity to reduce cost of care, use efficiently resource and manage population health easily.|